Isolation of Stem Cells
Extraction and storage of stem cells from the pulp of deciduous or permanent tooth
Today Dental Center “Dr. Gais” gives a second chance to the parents who have not preserved stem cells at the birth of their child. If this moment was missed, there is a new source of stem cells from milk tooth when they change between 5 and 13 years old, and now even from permanent teeth.
In pulp of deciduous tooth in the accumulation of dentin to form a hermetically sealed and sterile space in which are contained a plurality of stem cells. The pulp of the tooth is formed even in the embryonic stage of development of the organism and, therefore, the cells are young and carry the original DNA. It is proven that the pulp of a tooth contains from 1000 to 100 00 stem cells that can be isolated, multiplied and implanted in an area of damage, starting to generate new tissue.
How are stem cells extracted from teeth?
It is planned, quick and painless. In deciduous teeth is carried out between the ages of 5 and 13 years, by extraction of a tooth by trained dentist, under sterile conditions. For this procedure are suitable frontal teeth with mild shaking and maximum preserved root. The removed tooth is placed in a special environment and it is quickly transported to the laboratory Biohellenika. For permanent teeth there is no age limit. The only condition is that the tooth meets the above mentioned requirements. Isolated stem cells are stored for a period of 20 years, in liquid nitrogen at – 196 ˚ C, whereby they retain their viability, afterwards can be multiplied and used for further treatment.
What is the application of the extracted stem cells?
Stem cells from milk or permanent tooth are determined as mesenchymal, that have the ability to differentiate into tissue forming cells (cardiac muscle, kidney, liver, muscle tissue, tendons, cartilage, even have the ability to form dentin). Currently the treatment of diseases through tissue regeneration of mesenchymal stem cells is the newest and most rapidly developing trend in modern medicine.