Orthodontia is a dental specialty dealing with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of oral-facial deviations, bad teeth arrangement, and incorrect proportion of dental arches and jaws. Bad teeth arrangement and problems with the bite impede the maintenance of oral hygiene causing gum inflammation and caries.
It is recommended that every child visit an orthodontist for the first time before the age of 7. Many orthodontic problems may be treated much more easily by utilizing natural growth. This allows rectification of problems whose resolution would be much more complicated once facial development is completed.
However, adults are also perfect candidates for orthodontic treatment. The biological process of teeth movement is the same in children and adults. If you have always wanted a more beautiful smile, or if you have problems with your bite affecting your health, orthodontic treatment is the right choice for you.
Orthodontic treatment is not just about proper teeth arrangement, but it may also control and modify the growth of facial bones (upper and lower jaws). In this case, orthodontics is more correctly described as “orofacial orthopaedics” since it is not focused only on the teeth, but also on the overall facial harmony.
Orthodontic treatment can be carried out by either detachable (plastic or transparent splints), or fixed devices (braces).
Detachable devices are used mostly (but not only) in mixed dentition for teeth arrangement in both jaws as well as for correction of the relationship between the jaws and the bite. They are made of plastic, and can be in different colours depending on the patient’s wish.
They are easy to wear and clean, and allow maintaining good oral hygiene.